Recurrent and frequent episodes of eating usually large amounts of food (binging) and feeling a lack of control over these episodes. The binge eating is followed by a behavior that compensates for the overeating such as forced vomiting (purging), excessive exercise, fasting or a combination of both these behaviors, use of laxatives and diuretics.
It is a mental illness where people feel they have lost control over their eating and evaluate themselves according to their body shape and weight. Affected ages are mostly from 14-60 years of age, more frequent in females and leads to difficulties in relationships and social situations.
Binge eating, compulsive behavior, self-harm, impulsivity, vomiting after eating (purging), lack of restraint, complains about being fat, avoids eating in public, has a distorted view on body image
Whole Body Symptoms:
Chronic dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, too low or too high levels of sodium, calcium, potassium and other minerals which can lead to stroke or death, Broken blood vessels in the eye, fatigue and higher food aversion.
Anxiety, general discontent, guilt, mood swings, secretive, loneliness, and shame.
Constipation, heartburn, inflamed esophagus, chronic inflamed throat, hoarsened vocal cords, intestinal distress and irritation from laxative abuse, acid reflux (GERD).
Bad breath, dental caries, enamel root erosion, sensitive teeth, gum pain dry mouth, decrease in saliva production (hypo salivation), swollen parotid salivary gland, problems swallowing, jaw misalignment abnormalities, pallatal hemorrhages, taste abnormalities and cavities
Body weight changes or weight lowers
Absence of menstruation or irregular, possible infertility
Experience depression, poor self-esteem, constant weight fluctuation, disappearance of large amounts of food, frequent use of bathroom after meals
Scars and sores or calluses on knuckle or hands from inducing vomiting, frequent use of bathroom after meals.
Bulimia treatment consists of anti-depressants and therapy
- Dental work
- Nutritional education
- Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
- Electrical behavior therapy
- Psychotherapy, support group
- Family therapy, psychoeducation
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)
- Anti depressants
- Physical exercise
- Clinical psychologist
- Primary care doctor
Eating disorder treatment centers (in house)